Physiography of Rajasthan:

The Aravali Range runs across the state from the southwest peak Guru Shikhar (Mount Abu), which is 1,722 m in height, to Khetri in the northeast. This range divides the state into 60% in the northwest of the range and 40% in the southeast. The northwest tract is sandy and unproductive with little water but improves gradually from desert land in the far west and northwest to comparatively fertile and habitable land towards the east. The area includes the Thar Desert. The south-eastern area, higher in elevation (100 to 350 m above sea level) and more fertile, has a much diversified topography. In the south lies the hilly tract of Mewar. In the southeast, a large area within the districts of Kota andBundi forms a tableland. To the northeast of these districts is a rugged region (badlands) following the line of theChambal River. Farther north the country levels out; the flat plains of the northeastern Bharatpur district are part of analluvial basin. Merta City lies in the geographical center of Rajasthan. The main features are:

 

Area    

342,239 Sq.Km.

Percentage of Area to the area of Indian Union   

10.4%

Highest peak           

Gurushikhar (1722 meters)

Perennial river        

01

Seasonal rivers (main)           

18

Districts

33 

Tehsils         

241

Revenue Villages        

41353

Corporations           

5

Municipal councils

30

Municipal Boards           

149

Gram Panchayats         

9177

Blocks           

248

Zila Parishads           

33

Average Annual Rainfall          (a) Desert

                                                      (b) Non-desert

100 mm.

650 mm.

Per capita income         

Rs. 13066/