Wild Life Protection Areas

Rajasthan is noted for its National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. There are three national parks viz. the Keoladeo National Park of Bharatpur,  Ranthambore National Park of Sawai Madhopur, and Mukundara Hills National Park of Kota.

Ranthambore National Park and Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary are both known worldwide for their tiger population and considered by both wilderness lovers and photographers as the best places in India to spot tigers. Prominent among the wildlife sanctuaries are Mount Abu Sanctuary, Bhainsrod Garh Sanctuary,  Jaisamand Sanctuary, Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Jawahar Sagar sanctuary and Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary.

National Parks

S.No.

Protected Area

District(s)

Area(Km.2)

Main wild life

1. Ranthambore Sawai Madhopur 282.03 Tiger, Panther, Bear, Sambhar, Chital
2. Keola-Dev (Ghana) Bharatpur 28.73 Resident and Migratory Birds, chital, Python, Blue Bull, Sambhar
3. Mukundra hills (Darrah) Kota, Chhitorgarh 199.55 Panther, Chinkara, Bear, Chital, Hyena, Wild Boar

 

Sanctuaries

 

S. No.

Protected Area

District(s)

Area(Km.2)

Main wild life

1.

Damp-baretha 

Bharatpur 

199.24

Resident and migratory Birds

2.

Sariska 

Alwar 

492.29

Tiger, Panther, Chital, Sambhar, Porcupine 

3.

Sariska ‘A’ 

Alwar 

3.01

Sambhar, Chital, Panther

4.

Desert National Park 

Jaisalmer, Barmer 

3162

Chinkara, Desert Cat, Fox, Great Indian Bustard 

5.

Ramgarh- Vishdhari 

Bundi 

307

Panther, hyena, Sloth Bear, jackal, Fox, Chital 

6.

Kesar Bagh 

Dholpur 

14.76

Wolf, hyena, Fox, Chital

7.

Ram Sagar 

Dholpur 

34.40

Wolf, hyena, Fox, Chital 

8.

Van Vihar 

Dholpur 

25.60

Bear, Wolf, Chital, hyena, Fox, Wild Cat

9.

Keoladevi 

Karauli, Sawai madhopur 

676.82

Panther, Chital, Chinkara, Sambhar, Bear, hyena, Wild Boar, Wolf 

10.

Sitamata 

Chhitorgarh, Udaipur 

422.94

Flying Squirrel, Panther, Wild Cat, Sambhar, hyena, Civet 

11.

Besrodgarh 

Chhitorgarh 

201.4

Panther, Sloth Bear, Four horned antelope, Chinkara, hyena, Fox 

12.

Shergarh 

Baran 

81.67

Panther, Chital, Chinkara, Wild Boar 

13.

Darrah 

Kota, Jhalawar 

239.76

Panther, Wolf, Jackal, Chital, Fox, Sambhar, Sloth Bear, Porcupine 

14.

Jawahar Sagar 

Kota, Bundi, Chhitorgarh 

220.09

Panther, Bear, Wolf, Ghariyal, Crocodile, Chital, Hyena, Fox, Jackal 

15.

National Chambal Ghariyal 

S. madhopur, Bundi, Karauli,

Dholpur, Kota, 

280

Ghariyal, Crocodile, Tortoise, Dolphin, Bear, Chinkara, Otter 

16.

Bassi 

Chhitorgarh 

138.69

Chital, Chinkara, Panther, Hyena, Wild Cat

17.

Tal-Chhapar 

Churu 

7.19

Black Buck, Resident birds, 

18.

Nahar-garh 

Jaipur 

52.4

Hyena, Jackal, Fox, Hare 

19.

Jamwa-Ramgarh 

Jaipur 

300

Panther, Chital, Wild Boar, Hyena, Jackal 

20.

Sajjan-garh 

Udaipur 

5.19

Panther, Hyena, Wild Cat, Jackal, Fox

21.

Phulwari- ki- naal 

Udaipur 

511.4

Panther, Hyena, Wild Cat, Jackal, Fox

22.

Tatgarh Ravli 

Rajsamand, Pali, Ajmer 

475.23

Panther, Hyena, Wolf, Green Pigeon, Jungle fowl 

23.

Jaisamand 

Udaipur 

52.34

Resident Birds, Hyena, Jackal, Chinkara 

24.

Kumbhal-garh 

Udaipur, Pali, Rajsamand 

610.528

Panther, Sloth Bear, Hyena, wild boar, Four Horned antelope, Sambhar

25.

Mount Abu 

Sirohi 

326.1

Panther, Bear, Hyena, Wolf, Porcupine

26.

Sawai Man Singh 

Sawai madhopur 

113.07

Tiger, Panther, Hyena, Fox, Bear, Chital, Sambhar

 

Conservation Reserves

Conservation Reserves can be declared by the State Governments in any area owned by the Government, particularly the areas adjacent to National Parks and Sanctuaries and those areas which link one Protected Area with another. Such declaration is made after having consultations with the local communities. Conservation Reserves are declared for the purpose of protecting landscapes, flora and fauna and their habitat. The rights of people living inside a Conservation Reserve are not affected. The areas declared as conservation reserves in the State of Rajasthan are:

S. No.

Protected Area

District(s)

Area(Km.2)

Main wild life

1.

Bisalpur Reserve 

Tonk 

48.31

Black Buck, Wolf, jackal, Hyena, 

2.

Jod Beed Gaadwala 

Bikaner 

56.46

Black Buck, Wild Cat, wild boar

3.

Sundha Mata 

Jalore, Sirohi 

117.49

Panther, Bear, Wolf, Hyena, Chinkara 

4.

Gudha Vishnoiyan 

Jodhpur 

2.31

Chinkara, Black Buck, Wild boar

5.

Shakambhari 

Sikar 

131

Sambhar, Porcupine, Fox, wild Cat, Hyena

6.

Gogelao 

Nagaur 

3.58

Chinkara, Hare, Black Buck 

7.

Bir Jhunjhunu

Jhunjhunu

10.47

Hare, Hedge-hog, Resident and Migratory Birds

8.

Rotu 

Nagaur 

0.73

Chinkara, Hare, Black Buck

9.

Ranthambore/Sariska (Critical Tiger Habitat Area)

 

 

 

10.

Ranthambore/Sariska (Tiger Project Buffer Area)

 

 

 

 

Community Reserves

Community Reserves can be declared by the State Government in any private or community land not comprised within a National Park, Sanctuary or a Conservation Reserve, where an individual or a community has volunteered to conserve wildlife and its habitat. Community Reserves are declared for the purpose of protecting fauna, flora and traditional or cultural conservation values and practices. As in the case of a Conservation Reserve, the rights of people living inside a Community Reserve are not affected. Though no area in the State has so far been declared as community reserve but efforts in this regard are on.

Community Based Conservation Initiatives

 

Even as rampant destruction of the environment, in its varied forms and associated efforts, continue to rise, there have been practices among communities in the State where people themselves have protected and nurtured biodiversity. Across the State, there are numerous examples of areas that might not have been designated as protected areas as per the existing Act and Rules, yet are rich in biodiversity due to substantial involvement and protection by local communities. Nearly 50% of wildlife species are found outside the traditional protected area network. The communities have volunteered to conserve wild life and its habitat in these areas. Action of communities can play a significant role in protecting biodiversity. These initiatives are indeed progressive, as they could help conserve and sustainably manage various community conserved biodiversity rich sites in the State, which may at times need a legal backing. Administration of such areas is through local people and local agencies like the Gram panchayats, as in the case of community forests. The contribution of ‘Vishnoi Community’ is unparallel in this regard.